Signs And Symptoms Of Dyslexia In Kids

Although formal reading instruction does not start until Pre-K or kindergarten, there are a number of risk factors as well as early signs that a child might have dyslexia by the time they start school.

Read Next: What does a dyslexia evaluation look like?

How to recognize early signs of dyslexia in children?

Researchers have pointed to three main characteristics of child development as predictors for future reading ability. These include:

With these skills, children are able to process the sounds of the language, recognize the letters that “code” those sounds, and access this information from their memory quickly and fluently.

Read Next: Understanding Letter Reversals With Dr. Malkin

In turn, these pre-reading skills lead to the basics for reading development with skills emerging such as ignition decoding and reading fluency. Eventually, in a child on a normal development path, these skills enable increasingly complex reading processes such as comprehension, summarization, and inferencing.

Here is a simplified chart to understand the development of reading skills for children that are on a normal development path.

reading-development-path-children

The International Dyslexia Association has identified several signs of dyslexia for elementary school-aged children. These include:

  • Difficulty with remembering simple sequences such as counting to 20, naming the days of the week, or reciting the alphabet
  • Difficulty understanding the rhyming of words, such as knowing that fat rhymes with cat
  • Trouble recognizing words that begin with the same sound (for example, that bird, baby”, and big all start with b)
  • Pronunciation difficulties
  • Trouble easily clapping hands to the rhythm of a song
  • Difficulty with word retrieval (frequently uses words like “stuff” and “that thing” rather than specific words to name objects)
  • Trouble remembering names of places and people
  • Difficulty remembering spoken directions

Source: International Dyslexia Association, 2017 Dyslexia in the Classroom: What Every Teacher Needs to Know.

Instantly determine the risk level of dyslexia for your kid

The same handbook provides a useful instant test that can help you determine the risk level of dyslexia for your school-age kid. This is probably the first step towards determining whether you need professional help at this point:

dyslexia instant test scores

If your score is 16 or more, it’s a good idea to contact us for further instructions on your next steps.

Comprehensive Dyslexia Evaluations With Dr. Malkin

A dyslexia evaluation with Dr. Malkin can identify if your child has this common learning disability. He determines the cause or causes of the condition with a comprehensive assessment, as well as provides guidance as to the best learning and teaching styles for your child’s deficits. Dr. Malkin helps you maximize your student’s natural strengths to help them achieve throughout their education and beyond.